Venkataraman Thangadurai


Department of Chemistry

Contact information


Office : ES656E


  • CHEM 689.6 - Selected Topics in Physical Chemistry (Solid State Electrochemistry)

Research and teaching

Research interests

Dr. Thangadurai’s research interests are in the area of solid-state ionic technologies. In particular, materials development for energy conversion, storage and environmental applications that include solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), solid state batteries, sensors for chemical species (e.g., oxygen, hydrogen, ammonia, hydrocarbon), and displays. The fundamental investigation on the structure-composition-electrical transport properties relationship is required for the development of advanced solid electrolytes and electrodes with desired functional properties for the above mentioned applications.

Present research work involves the design and preparation of novel solid electrolytes exhibiting fast oxide ion, proton, lithium ion, and sodium ion conduction and mixed ionic-electronic conduction based on inorganic crystal structures (e,g., perovskite, perovskite-related layered structure, pyrochlore, garnet) and construction and characterization of SOFCs, PEMFCs, and sensors. Materials will be prepared by employing solid-state synthesis techniques that include high temperature ceramic, low-temperature chemical (e.g., precipitation, precursor, polymerization, and sol-gel) and soft-chemistry (e.g., ion-exchange) methods. These materials will be characterized by using various solid-state techniques such as powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), elemental analysis (EDAX and ICP), thermal analysis (TGA, DTA/DSC), and physical spectroscopy. Electrical transport properties will be investigated employing AC impedance and DC polarization technique as a function of temperature and oxygen partial pressures.


  • Associate Head (Graduate) | Chemistry, University of Calgary (2017- )
  • Professor | Chemistry, University of Calgary (2015- )
  • Associate Professor | Chemistry, University of Calgary (2012 - 2015)
  • Visiting Associate Professor | Materials Science, University of Maryland, College Park, USA (2012 - 2013)
  • Assistant Professor | Chemistry, University of Calgary (2005 - 2012)
  • Guest Professor| Faculty of Engineering, University of Kiel, Germany (2002 - 2005)
  • Alexander von Humboldt (AvH) PDF | Faculty of Engineering, University of Kiel, Germany (2000 - 2002)
  • PhD | Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India (1999)
  • MSc | Chemistry, Muthurangam Government Arts College, Vellore, affiliated to University of Madras, India (1991)
  • BSc | Education, Government College of Education, Vellore, affiliated to University of Madras, India (1992)
  • BSc | Chemistry, Sacred Heart College, Tirupattur, affiliated to University of Madras, India (1989)

Professional Affiliation


  • International Association of Advanced Materials, Sweden. (Since 2019)
  • Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), UK. (Since 2015)

Editorial Advisory Board

  • Chemistry of Materials, ACS. (Since 2020)
  • Energy Technology, Wiley-VCH. (Since 2014)
  • Scientific Reports, Nature. (Since 2014)
  • J. Materials Chemistry A, RSC. (Since 2013)


  • Materials Research Society (MRS), USA. (2013-2014)
  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Canada (SOFCC). (Since 2007)
  • The International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE). (2007-2014)
  • Canadian Society for Chemistry (CSC). (Since 2007)
  • The Western Canada Fuel Cell Initiative (WCFCI), Canada. (Since 2005)
  • The Electrochemical Society Inc. (ECS), USA. (Since 2000)

Board of Editors

  • International Journal of Ionics, Springer (Since 2005)


For latest updates on Thangadurai Group ResearchGoogle Scholar



U. Farooq, S. A. Pervez, A. J. Samson, S. Palakkathodi Kammampata, P. Ganjeh-Anzabi, M. Trifkovic, V. Thangadurai, E.P.L. Roberts* “Microstructure evolution and transport properties of garnet-type Li6.5La2.5Ba0.5TaZrO12 electrolyte for all-solid-state Li-ion batteries,” Appl. Surf. Sci., In press, (2020).


C. Wang, K. Fu, S. Palakkathodi Kammampata, D. W. McOwen, L. Zhang, G. T. Hitz, A. Nolan, A. Samson, E. D. Wachsman, Y. Mo, V. Thangadurai,* L. Hu,* “Garnet-Type Solid-State Electrolytes: Materials, Interfaces, and Batteries,” Chem. Rev. (2020).


C. Zhou, S. Bag, T. He, B. Lv and V. Thangadurai*, “A 20 oC operating high capacity solid-state Li-S battery with an engineered carbon support cathode structure,” Applied Mater. Today, In press (2020).


M. Sharma, A. Nandy, N. Taylor, S. V. Venkatesan, V.O. Kollath, K. Karan, V. Thangadurai, N. Tsesmetzis and L. M. Gieg* Bioelectrochemical remediation of phenanthrene in a microbial fuel cell using an anaerobic consortium enriched from a hydrocarbon-contaminated site, J. Hazard. Mater., In press, (2020).


S. Bag, C. Zhou, S. Reid, S. Butler and V. Thangadurai,* “Electrochemical studies on symmetric solid-state Na-ion full cell using Na3V2(PO4)3 electrodes and polymer composite electrolyte,” J. Power Sources (submitted) (2020).


S. Mulmi and V. Thangadurai,* “Review- Solid-state electrochemical carbon dioxide sensors: fundamentals, materials and applications,” J. Electrochem. Soc. (2020) (Editors’ choice) (in press).


O.A. Abubaker; K. Singh; V. Thangadurai,* “Investigating the effect of Cu-doping on the electrochemical properties of perovskite-type Ba0.5Sr0.5Fe1-xCuxO3-d (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.20) cathodes,” J. Power Sources (In Press) (2020).


H. Huo, J. Luo, V. Thangadurai, X. Guo,* C. Nan,* X. Sun*, “Li2CO3: A Critical Issue for Developing Solid Garnet Batteries,” ACS Energy Lett., In press, (2020).


S. P. Kammampata, H. Yamada, T. Ito, R. Paul and V. Thangadurai,*, “The activation entropy for ionic conduction and critical current density for Li charge transfer in novel garnet-type Li6.5La2.9A0.1Zr1.4Ta0.6O12 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba) solid electrolytes,” J. Mater. Chem. A In press, (2020).


H.T. Handal, H.A. Mousa, S.M .Yakout, W. Sharmoukh, and V. Thangadurai, “Effect of Mn and Ni-doping on structure, photoluminescence and magnetic properties of perovskite-type BaSn0.99Gd0.01O3,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 498,165946 (2020).


S. V. Venkatesan, K. Karan, S. R. Larter, and V. Thangadurai,* “Auxiliary electrode mediated membrane-free electrochemical redox cell for energy storage,” Sustainable Energy Fuels, in press (2020).


S. Bag, C. Zhou, P.J. Kim, V.G. Pol, and V Thangadurai,* “LiF modified stable flexible PVDF-garnet hybrid electrolyte for high performance all-solid-state Li-S batteries,” Energy Storage Mater., 24, 198-207 (2020).




A. M. Abraham, S. P. Kammampata, S. Ponnurangam, and V. Thangadurai,* “Efficient Synthesis and Characterization of Robust MoS2 and S Cathode for Advanced Li-S Battery: Combined Experimental and Theoretical Studies,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11, 35729-35737 (2019).


A.  J. Samson, K. Hofstetter, S. Bag, and V Thangadurai,* “A bird's-eye view of Li-stuffed garnet-type Li7La3Zr2O12 ceramic electrolytes for advanced all-solid-state Li batteries,” Energy Environ. Sci., 12, 2957-2975 (2019) (Invited).


B. Pal, S. Yang, S. Ramesh, V. Thangadurai, and R Jose,* “Electrolyte selection for supercapacitive devices: A critical review,” Nanoscale Adv., 1, 3807-3835 (2019).


S.A. Pervez,* M. Cambaz, V. Thangadurai, and M. Fichtner, "Interface in Solid-State Li Battery: Challenges, Progress and Outlook," Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11, 22029-22050 (2019).


P-L. Champagne, D. F. Ester, D. Pollan, V. Williams,* V. Thangadurai,* and C-C. Ling,* “Amphiphilic Cyclodextrin-based Liquid Crystals for Proton Conduction,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 141, 9217−9224 (2019).


K. Hofstetter, A. J. Samson, J. Dai, J. E. Gritton, L. Hu, E. D. Wachsman, and V. Thangadurai,* “Eelectrochemical stability of garnet-type Li7La2.75Ca0.25Zr1.75Nb0.25O12 with and without atomic layer deposited-Al2O3 under CO2 and humidity,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 166, A1844-A1852 (2019).


S. A. Pervez, P. Ganjeh-Anzabi, U. Farooq, M. Trifkovic, E. P. L. Roberts, and V. Thangadurai,* “Fabrication of a Dendrite-Free all Solid-State Li Metal Battery via Polymer Composite/Garnet/Polymer Composite Layered Electrolyte,* Adv. Mater. Interfaces, 6, 1900186 (2019).


K. Singh, R. Kannan, V. Thangadurai, “Perspective of perovskite-type oxides for proton    conducting solid oxide fuel cells”, Solid State Ionics 339, 114951 (2019).


P-L. Champagne, D. F. Ester, A. Bhattacharya, K. Hofstetter, C. Zellman, S. Bag, H. Yu, S. Trudel, V. K Michaelis, V. Williams,* V. Thangadurai,* and C-C. Ling,* “Liquid Crystalline Lithium-ion Electrolytes Derived from Biodegradable Cyclodextrin,” J. Mater. Chem. A 7, 12201 – 12213 (2019).


C. Cao, K. Singh, W. H. Kan, M. Avdeev, and V. Thangadurai,* “Electrical Properties of Hollandite-Type Ba1.33Ga2.67Ti5.33O16, K1.33Ga1.33Ti6.67O16, and K1.54Mg0.77Ti7.23O16,” Inorg. Chem., 58, 4782–4791 (2019).


A. Nandy, M. Sharma*, S. V. Venkatesan, N. Taylor and L. Gieg, and V. Thangadurai,* “Comparative Evaluation of Coated and Non-Coated Carbon Electrodes in a Microbial Fuel Cell for Treatment of Municipal Sludge,” Energies 12, 1034-1049 (2019).


S. Mulmi and V. Thangadurai,*A perovskite-type Nd0.75Sr0.25Co0.8Fe0.2O3‑δ cathode for advanced solid oxide fuel cells,Chem. Commun., 55, 3713-3716 (2019).


S.P. Kammampata, R.H. Basappa, T. Ito, H. Yamada, and V. Thangadurai,*Microstructural and Electrochemical Properties of Alkaline Earth Metal-Doped Li Garnet-Type Solid Electrolytes Prepared by Solid-State Sintering and Spark Plasma Sintering Methods,ACS Appl. Energy Mater., 2, 1765−1773 (2019).


S. Narayanan, S. Reid, S. Butler, and V. Thangadurai,*Sintering Temperature, Excess Sodium, and Phosphorous Dependencies on Morphology and Ionic Conductivity of NASICON Na3Zr2Si2PO12,Solid State Ionics, 331, 22-29 (2019).


A. K. Baral Y. Tsur and V. Thangadurai,*Electrochemical Studies of Ruddlesden-Popper Layered Perovskite-type La0.6Sr1.4Co0.2Fe0.8O4+δ Cathode for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Associated Electrical Loss Phenomena,” Ceramics Int., 45, 1641-1650 (2019).




C. Zhou, S. Bag, and V. Thangadurai,*Engineering Materials for Progressive All-Solid-State Na Batteries,” ACS Energy Lett., 3, 2181-2198 (2018).


C. Zhou, A. J. Samson, K. Hofstetter, and V. Thangadurai,*Surfactant-Assisted Strategy to Tailor Li-ion Charge Transfer Interfacial Resistance for Scalable All-Solid-State Li Batteries, Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2, 2165 – 2170 (2018).


A. Oz, K. Singh, D. Gelman, V. Thangadurai,* and Y. Tsur*, “Understanding of Oxygen Reduction Reaction on Perovskite-Type Ba0.5Sr0.5Fe0.91Al0.09O3‑δ and Ba0.5Sr0.5Fe0.8Cu0.2O3‑δ Using AC Impedance Spectroscopy Genetic Programming,” J. Phys. Chem. C. 122, 15097−15107 (2018).


A. J. Samson, K. Hofstetter, E. Wachsman, and V. Thangadurai,*“Towards Mixed Ionic and Electronic Conducting Li-Stuffed Garnets,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 165,  A1-A9 (2018).


T. Amiri*, K. Singh, N. K. Sandhu, A. R. Hanifi, T. H. Etsell, J. L. Luo, V. Thangadurai, and P. Sarkar, “High Performance Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cell based on Ba0.5Sr0.5Ce0.6Zr0.2Gd0.1Y0.1O3-δ Proton Conducting Electrolyte,” J. Electrochem. Soc.,165, F1-F6 (2018).


P. J. Kim, S. Narayanan, J. Xue, V. Thangadurai, and V. G. Pol,* “Li-Ion-Permeable  and Electronically Conductive Membrane Comprising Garnet-Type Li6La3Ta1.5Y0.5O12 and Graphene Toward Ultrastable and High-Rate Lithium Sulfur Batteries,” ACS Applied Energy Materials, 1, 3733–3741 (2018).


K. Hofstetter, A. J. Samson, S. Narayanan, and V. Thangadurai,*“Present understanding of the stability of Li-stuffed garnets with moisture, carbon dioxide, and metallic lithium,” J. Power Sources, 390, 297–312 (2018).


J. A. Lussier, F. J. Simon, P. S. Whitfield, K. Singh, V. Thangadurai, and M. Bieringer,* “Structure Evolution and Reactivity of the Sc(2−x)VxO3+δ (0 ≤ x ≤ 2.0) System,” Inorg. Chem., 57, 5607−5614 (2018).


K. Singh, W. H. Kan, B. Patton, A. Huq, and V. Thangadurai,* “Insights into B‑Site Ordering in Double Perovskite-Type Ba3Ca1+xNb2−xO9‑δ (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.45): Combined Synchrotron and Neutron Diffraction and Electrical Transport Analyses,” Inorg. Chem., 57, 2609−2619 (2018).


A. Singh, S. Paulson, H. Farag, V. Birss, and V. Thangadurai,* “Role of Presulfidation and H2S Cofeeding on Carbon Formation on SS304 Alloy during the Ethane−Steam Cracking Process at 700 °C,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 57, 1146−1158 (2018).


S. P. Kammampata and V. Thangadurai*, “Cruising in Ceramics—Discovering New Structures for All-Solid-State Batteries—Fundamentals, Materials, and Performances,” Ionics, 24, 639–660 (2018).


K. Hofstetter, A. J. Samson, and V. Thangadurai,*“Characterization of Li-Rich Garnet-Type Li6.5La2.5Ba0.5ZrTaO12 for Beyond Intercalation Chemistry-Based Li-ion Batteries,” Solid State Ionics, 318, 71-81(2018).


W. Li, H. Hu, H. Shi, X. Teng, V. Thangadurai, and Y. Zhu,* “Establishment and practical application of the electron transfer model in lithium-air batteries,” Ionics,  24, 743–752 (2018).




R. Paul* and V. Thangadurai, “Correction to Formulation of a Statistical Mechanical Theory To Understand the Li Ion Conduction in Crystalline Electrolytes: A Case Study on Li-Stuffed Garnets,” J. Phys. Chem. C, 121, 28604–28604 (2017).


J. Arteaga, H. Zareipour,* and V. Thangadurai,* “Overview of Lithium-Ion Grid-Scale Energy Storage Systems,” Curr. Sustainable/Renewable Energy Rep., 4, 197–208 (2017).


R. Paul* and V. Thangadurai, “Formulation of a Statistical Mechanical Theory To Understand the Li Ion Conduction in Crystalline Electrolytes: A Case Study on Li-Stuffed Garnets,” J. Phys. Chem. C, 121, 17137–17142 (2017).


D. M. A. Basset, S. Mulmi, M. S. El-Bana, S. S. Fouad,* and V. Thangadurai* “Structure, Ionic Conductivity, and Dielectric Properties of Li-Rich Garnet-type Li5+2xLa3Ta2-xSmxO12 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.55) and Their Chemical Stability,” Inorg. Chem., 56, 8865–8877 (2017).


D. M. A. Basset, S. Mulmi, M. S. El-Bana, S. S. Fouad, and V. Thangadurai* “Correction: Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Li-stuffed Garnet-like Li5+2xLa3Ta2-xGdxO12 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.55): Structure-Property Relationships,” Dalton Trans. 46, 8304-8305 (2017).


M. Zarabian, M. Bartolini, P. Pereira-Almao, and V. Thangadurai,* X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and AC Impedance Spectroscopy Studies of Li-La-Zr-O Solid Electrolyte Thin Film/LiCoO2 Cathode Interface for All-Solid-State Li Batteries, J. Electrochem. Soc., 164, A1133-A1139 (2017).


S. Mulmi, H. Chen, A. Hassan, J. F. Marco, F. J. Berry, F. Sharif, P. R. Slater, E. P. L. Roberts, S. Adams, and V. Thangadurai*Thermochemical CO2 splitting using double perovskite-type Ba2Ca0.66Nb1.34-xFexO6, J. Mater. Chem. A, 5, 6874–6883 (2017). 


 X. Han, Y. Gong, K. Fu, X. He, G. T. Hitz, J. Dai, A. Pearse, B. Liu, H. Wang, G. Rubloff, Y. Mo, V. Thangadurai, E. D. Wachsman* and L. Hu*, “Negating Interfacial Impedance in Garnet-based Solid-State Li Metal Batteries,” Nat. Mater. 16, 572-579 (2017).


D. M. A. Basset, S. Mulmi, M. S. El-Bana, S. S. Fouad, and V. Thangadurai*“Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Li-stuffed Garnet-like Li5+2xLa3Ta2-xGdxO12 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.55): Structure-Property Relationships,” Dalton Trans. 46, 933-946 (2017).   




W.H. Kan, A. J. Samson, and V. Thangadurai,* Trends in Electrode Development for Next Generation Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” J. Mater. Chem. A, 4, 17913-17932 (2016). 


S. Narayanan, X. Tong, and V. Thangadurai,* "The Synthesis and Electrical Properties of Hybrid Gel Electrolytes Derived from Keggin-type Heteropoly acids and 3-(pyridin-1-ium-1-yl) propane-1-sulfonate (PyPs)," RSC Adv., 6, 102549-102556 (2016).


E. N. El Sawy, H. T. Handal, V. Thangadurai, and V.I. Birss,* Pt-Ir Alloy Nanoparticles with Fully Tunable Bulk and Surface Compositions,” J. Mater. Chem. A, 4, 15400-15410 (2016). 


K. Singh, A. K. Baral, and V. Thangadurai,* “Ni-Ba0.5Sr0.5Ce0.6Zr0.2Gd0.1Y0.1O3Anode Composites for Proton Conducting Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (H-SOFCs),” J. Mater. Sci. Res., 5, 34-43 (2016).


S. Narayanan, A. K. Baral, and V. Thangadurai,* Dielectric Characteristics of Fast Li ion Conducting Garnet-Type Li5+2xLa3Nb2-xYxO12 (x = 0.25, 0.5 and 0.75),” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 18, 15418-15426 (2016).


H. T. Handal, P. Addo, A. Buyukaksoy, V. Birss and V. Thangadurai,* Evaluation of MIEC Ce0.8Y0.1Mn0.1O2-δ Anode in Electrolyte-Supported SOFC, J. Electrochem. Soc., 163 (11) F3091-F3098 (2016).


K. Singh, R. Kannan, and V. Thangadurai,* “Synthesis and Characterisation of Ceramic Proton Conducting Perovskite-type Multi-element -Doped Ba0.5Sr0.5Ce1-x-y-zZrxGdyYzO3-δ (0 < x < 0.5; y = 0, 0.1, 0.15; z = 0.1, 0.2),” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 41, 3227–3237 (2016).


S. Mulmi and V. Thangadurai,* “Semiconducting SnO2-TiO2 (S-T) Composites for Detection of SO2 Gas,” Ionics, 22, 1927-1935 (2016).


W.H. Kan, P. Dong, J-S. Bae, S. Adams and V. Thangadurai,* “Probing Surface Valence, Magnetic Property, and Oxide Ion Diffusion Pathways in B-Site Ordered Perovskite-type Ba2Ca0.67M0.33NbO6-d (M = Mn, Fe, Co)”, Solid State Ionics, 290, 90-97 (2016).


H. Handal, A. Hassan, R. Leeson, S. Eloui, M. Fitzpatrick, and V. Thangadurai,* “Profound Understanding of Effect of Transition Metal Dopant, Sintering Temperature and pO2 on the Electrical and Optical Properties of Proton Conducting BaCe0.9Sm0.1O3-δ" Inorg. Chem., 55, 729–744 (2016).


K. Singh, A. K. Baral, and V. Thangadurai,* “Electrochemical Studies of Gd0.5Pr0.5BaCo2O5+δ (GPBC) Cathode for Oxide Ion and Proton Conducting Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” Solid State Ionics, 288, 351-356 (2016).


K. Singh, A. K. Baral, and V. Thangadurai,* “Grain Boundary Space Charge Effect and Proton Dynamics in Chemically Stable Perovskite-type Ba0.5Sr0.5Ce0.6Zr0.2Gd0.1Y0.1O3-δ (BSCZGY): A Case Study on Effect of Sintering Temperature,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 99, 866-875 (2016).


D. Pinzaru and V. Thangadurai,* “Evaluation on the Effect of Gd-doping for Nb on the Morphology and Ionic Conductivity of Garnet-like Li5La3Nb2O12,” Can. J. Chem., 94, 321-329 (2016).




S. Narayanan, F. Ramezanipour, and V. Thangadurai,* “Dopant Concentration – Porosity−Li-Ion Conductivity Relationship in Garnet-Type Li5+2xLa3Ta2−xYxO12 (0.05 ≤ x ≤ 0.75) and Their Stability in Water and 1 M LiCl,” Inorg. Chem., 54, 6968-6977 (2015).


S. Narayanan, G. H. Hitz, E.D. Wachsman, and V. Thangadurai,* “Effect of Excess Li on the Structural and Electrical Properties of Garnet-Type Li6La3Ta1.5Y0.5O12,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 162, A1772-A1777 (2015).


M. Chen, S. Paulson, W.H. Kan, V. Thangadurai and V. Birss,* “Surface and Bulk Study of Strontium-Rich Chromium Ferrite Oxide as a Robust Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathode,” J. Mater. Chem. A, 3, 22614-22626 (2015). 


J. Lee, S. Mulmi, V. Thangadurai,* S. Park, “Magnetically Aligned Iron Oxide/Au Nanoparticles Decorated Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Structure as Humidity Sensor,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 7, 15506-15513 (2015).


X. Tong, and V. Thangadurai,* “Hybrid Gel Electrolytes Derived from Keggin-Type Polyoxometalates and Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquid with Enhanced Electrochemical Stability and Fast Ionic Conductivity,”  J. Phys. Chem. C., 119, 7621-7630 (2015).


X. Tong, V. Thangadurai,* and E.D. Wachsman, “Highly Conductive Li Garnets by a Multi-element Doping Strategy.” Inorg. Chem., 54, 3600-3607 (2015).


V. Thangadurai,* D. Pinzaru, S. Narayanan, and A. K. Baral, "Fast Solid-State Li Ion Conducting Garnet-Type Structure Metal Oxides for Energy Storage," J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 6, 292−299 (2015) (Invited).


W. H. Kan, and V. Thangadurai,* “Challenges and Prospects of Anodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs),” Ionics, 21, 301–318 (2015).


W. H. Kan, L. Troungand V. Thangadurai,* “Effect of V-doping on the Structure and Conductivity of Garnet-type Li5La3Nb2O12,” Ionics, 21, 373-379 (2015).


F. Ramezanipour, A. Singh, S. Paulson, H. Farag, V. I. Birss, and V. Thangadurai,* “Carbon Formation on Stainless Steel 304H in the Convection Section of an Ethane Cracking Plant,” Corrosion Engineering Science and Technology, 50, 303-310 (2015). 




D. Pinzaru and V. Thangadurai,* “Synthesis, Structure and Li ion Conductivity of Garnet-like Li5+2xLa3Nb2-xSmxO12 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.7),” J. Electrochem. Soc.,161, A2060-A2067 (2014).


Y. Zhu,* Z. Ruan, S. Tang and V. Thangadurai, “Research Status in Preparation of FePO4 : A Review,” Ionics, 20, 1501-1510 (2014).


W. H. Kan, J. Lussier, M. Bieringerand V. Thangadurai,* “Studies on Polymorphic Sequence During the Formation of the 1:1 Ordered Perovskite-type BaCa0.335M0.165Nb0.5O3-δ (M = Mn, Fe, Co) Using In-Situ and Ex-Situ Powder X-ray Diffraction,” Inorg. Chem., 53, 10085–10093 (2014).


A. Baral,  S. Narayanan, F. Ramezanipour, and V. Thangadurai,* “Enhancing Li ion Conductivity of Li-stable Li5La3Ta2O12 and Understanding of Li ion Transport Mechanism Using ac Impedance and Dielectric Spectroscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 16, 11356-11365 (2014).


W. H. Kan, M. Chen, J-S. Bae, B-H. Kim and V. Thangadurai,* “Determination of Fe Oxidation States in the B-site Ordered Perovskite-type Ba2Ca0.67Fe0.33NbO6−δ at Surface (nano-scale) and Bulk Using Variable Temperature XPS and TGA and its Impact on Electrochemical Catalysis,” J. Mater. Chem. A, 2, 8736-8741 (2014).


V. Thangadurai,* S. Narayanan, and D. Pinzaru, “Garnet-type Solid-State Fast Li ion Conductors for Li Batteries: Critical Review,” Chem. Soc. Rev., 43, 4714–4727 (2014) (Invited).


B. Mirfakhraei, F. Ramezanipour, S. Paulson, V.I. Birss and V. Thangadurai,* “Effect of Sintering Temperature on Microstructure, Chemical Stability and Electrical Properties of Transition Metal or Yb-Doped BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y0.1M0.1O3-δ (M = Fe, Ni, Co and Yb),” Front. Energy Res., 2, 1-10 (2014).


C. M. Gore, J. O. White, E.D. Wachsman,* and V. Thangadurai,* “Effect of Composition and Microstructure on Electrical Properties and CO2 Stability of Donor-Doped, Proton Conducting BaCe1-(x+Y)ZrxNbyO3,” J. Mater. Chem. A, 2, 2363-2373 (2014).


K. Singh and V. Thangadurai,* “Chemical Reactivity Between Ce0.7RE0.2Mo0.1O2 (RE = Y& Sm) and 8YSZ, and Conductivity Studies of Their Solid Solutions,” Solid State Ionics, 262, 444-448 (2014).


H. T. Handal and V. Thangadurai,* “Electrochemical Characterization of Multi-Element- Doped Ceria As Potential Anodes for SOFCs,” Solid State Ionics, 262, 359-364 (2014).


S. Mulmi, R. Kannan, and V. Thangadurai,* “CO2 and SO2 Tolerant Fe-Based Metal Oxides for Solid State Gas Sensors,” Solid State Ionics, 262, 274-278 (2014).



B. Mirfakhraei, S. Paulson, V. Thangadurai, and V. Birss,* “Enhanced Hydrogen Oxidation Activity and H2S Tolerance of Ni-Infiltrated Ceria Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes,” J. Power Sources, 243, 95-101 (2013).


N. Arulmozhi, W. H. Kan, V. Thangadurai, and K. Karan,* “Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Carbonation of a Promising SOFC Cathode Material La0.5Ba0.5CoO3−δ (LBC),” J. Mater. Chem. A, 1, 15117-15127 (2013).


W. H. Kan, M. Roushanafshar, A. Vincent, T. Fürstenhaupt, M. Parvez, J. Luo, and V. Thangadurai,* “Effect of Substitution of B-sites by Mn, Fe and Co in Double Perovskite-type Ba3CaNb2O9 on Crystal Structure and Electrical Properties,” RSC Adv., 3, 23824-23832 (2013).


L.Truong, M. Howard, O. Clemens, K. S. Knight, P. R. Slater, and V. Thangadurai,* “Facile Proton Conduction in H+/Li+ Ion-Exchanged Garnet-Type Fast Li-ion Conducting Li5La3Nb2O12,” J. Mater. Chem. A, 1, 13469-13475 (2013).


R. Kannan, S. Gill, K. Singh, T. Fürstenhaupt, and V. Thangadurai,* “Chemically Stable Proton Conducting Doped BaCeO3 -No More Fear to SOFC Wastes,” Sci. Report, 3, 2138, (2013) (Open Access).


F. Ramezanipour, M. Shishkin, K. Singh, J. P. Hodges, T. Ziegler, and V. Thangadurai,* “Interstitial Oxygens and Cation Deficiency in Mo-Doped Ceria, an Anode Material for SOFCs,” J. Mater. Chem. A, 1, 8344-8347 (2013).


H. T. Handal and V. Thangadurai,* “Evaluation of Chemical Stability, Thermal Expansion Coefficient, and Electrical Properties of Solid State and Wet-Chemical Synthesised Y and Mn -codoped CeO2 for SOFCs”, J. Power Sources, 243, 485-471 (2013).


L. Truong, J. Colter, and V. Thangadurai,* “Chemical Stability of Li-stuffed Garnet-type Li5+xBaxLa3-xTa2O12 (x = 0, 0.5, 1) in Water: A Comparative Analysis with the Nb Analogue,” Solid State Ionics, 247-248, 1-7 (2013).


 G. T. Hitz, E. D. Wachsman,* and V. Thangadurai,* “Highly Li-Stuffed Garnet-Type Li7+xLa3Zr2-xYxO12,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 160(8), A1248-A1255 (2013).


S. Mulmi and V. Thangadurai,* “Preparation, Structure and CO2 Sensor Studies of BaCa0.33Nb0.67−xFexO3−δ,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 160(8), B95-B101 (2013).


Y. Shi,* I. Badran, A. Tkalych, W. H. Kan, and V. Thangadurai, “Growth of Crystalline Tungsten Carbides Using 1,1,3,3-Tetramethyl-1,3-disilacyclobutane on a Heated Tungsten Filament,” J. Phys. Chem. C, 117, 3389−3395 (2013).


R. Kannan, S. Mulmi, and V. Thangadurai,* “Synthesis and Characterization of Perovskite-type BaMg0.33Nb0.66-xFexO3−δ for Potential High Temperature CO2 Sensor,” J. Mater. Chem. A, 1, 6874- 6879 (2013).


M. Chen, S. Paulson, V. Thangadurai, and V. I. Birss,* “Sr-rich Chromium Ferrites as Symmetrical SOFC Electrodes,” J. Power Sources, 236, 68-79, (2013).


S. Gill, R. Kannan, N. Maffeiand V. Thangadurai,* “Effect of Zr Substitution for Ce in BaCe0.8Gd0.15Pr0.05O3−δ on the Chemical Stability in CO2 and Water, and Electrical Conductivity,” RSC Adv., 3, 3599 - 3605 (2013).


S. Mulmi, A. Hassan, P. Pereira-Almao, and V. Thangadurai,*Detecting CO2 at ppm Level in Synthetic Air Using Mixed Conducting Double Perovskite-type Metal Oxides,” Sens. Actuators, B, 178, 598– 605 (2013).


K.G.S. Pannu, T. Pannu, T. Fürstenhaupt, and V. Thangadurai,* “Electrical Properties of Ionic Liquid and Double Perovskite-type Metal Oxide Composites – A New Method to Tailor Grain-Boundary Impedance of Ceramic Electrolytes,” Solid State Ionics, 232, 106–111 (2013). 


K. Singh, J. Nowotny, and V. Thangadurai,* “Amphoteric Oxide Semiconductors for Energy Conversion Devices: A Tutorial Review,” Chem. Soc. Rev., 42 (5), 1961-1972 (2013) (Invited).


R. Kannan, S. Gill, N. Maffei,and V. Thangadurai,* “BaCe0.85-x ZrxSm0.15O3-d (0.01 < x < 0.3) (BCZS): effect of Zr content in BCZS on Chemical Stability in CO2 and H2O Vapor, and Proton Conductivity,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 160, F18-F26 (2013).


Y. Zhu,* V. Thangadurai, and W. Weppner, “Garnet-like Solid State Electrolyte Li6BaLa2Ta2O12 Based Potentiometric CO2 Gas Sensor,” Sens. Actuators, B, 176, 284– 289 (2013).




S. Narayanan, F. Ramezanipour, and V. Thangadurai,* “Enhancing Li ion Conductivity of Garnet-type Li5La3Nb2O12 by Y and Li-codoping:  Synthesis, Structure, Chemical Stability and Transport Properties,” J. Phys. Chem. C, 116, 20154–20162 (2012).


W. H. Kan and V. Thangadurai,* “Thermo-chemistry of Sr2Ce1-xPrxO4 (x = 0, 0.2, 0.5, 0.8 and 1)–Variable Temperature and Atmosphere In-situ and Ex-situ Powder X-ray Diffraction Studies and Their Physical Properties,” Inorg. Chem., 51, 8973–8981 (2012).


Y. Ren, W.H. Kan, V. Thangadurai, and T. Baumgartner,* “Bio-Inspired Phosphole-Lipids: From Highly Fluorescent Organogels to Mechanically Responsive FRET,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 51, 3964–3968 (2012).


A. E. Murschell, W. H. Kan, V. Thangadurai, and T. C. Sutherland*, “Anthraquinone Derivatives as Electron-Acceptors with Liquid Crystalline Properties,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 14, 4626–4634 (2012).


A Kuhn, V Epp, G Schmidt, S. Narayanan, V. Thangadurai, and M. Wilkening*, “Spin-Alignment Echo NMR: Probing Li+ Hopping Motion in the Solid Electrolyte Li7La3Zr2O12 with Garnet-Type Tetragonal Structure,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 24, 035901 (2012)


S. Narayanan, V. Epp, M. Wilkening, and V. Thangadurai,* “Macroscopic and Microscopic Li+ Transport Parameters in Cubic Garnet-Type “Li6.5La2.5Ba0.5ZrTaO12” as Probed by Impedance Spectroscopy and NMR,” RSC Adv., 2, 2553-2561 (2012).


L. Truong and V. Thangadurai,* “First Total H+/Li+ Ion-Exchange in Garnet-Type Li5La3Nb2O12 Using Organic Acids and Studies on the Effect of Li Stuffing,” Inorg. Chem., 51, 1222-1224 (2012).




Y. Ren, W. H. Kan, M. A. Henderson, P. G. Bomben, C. P. Berlinguette, V. Thangadurai, and T. Baumgartner,* “External-Stimuli Responsive Photophysics and Liquid Crystal Properties of Self-Assembled "Phosphole-Lipids”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 133, 17014-17026 (2011).


L. Spencer, E. Coomes, E. Ye, V. Terskikh, A. Ramzy, V. Thangadurai, and G. R. Goward,* “Structural Analysis of Lanthanum-Containing Battery Materials Using 139La Solid-State NMR”, Can. J. Chem., 89, 1105-1117 (2011).


L. Truong and V. Thangadurai,* “Soft-Chemistry of Garnet-Type Li5+xBaxLa3-xNb2O12 (x = 0, 0.5, 1):  Reversible H+/Li+ Ion-Exchange Reaction and Their X-ray, 7Li MAS NMR, IR, and AC Impedance Spectroscopy Characterization,” Chem. Mater., 23(17), 3970–3977 (2011).


T.L. Spencer, A. Ramzy, V. Thangadurai,* and G. R. Goward,* Structural Complexity and Electrical Properties of the Garnet-Type Structure LaLi0.5Fe0.2O2.09 Studied by 7Li and 139La Solid State NMR Spectroscopy and Impedance Spectroscopy, Chem. Mater., 23 (12), 3105–3113 (2011).


S. Narayanan and V. Thangadurai,* “Effect of Y Substitution for Nb in Li5La3Nb2O12 on Li ion Conductivity of Garnet-Type Solid Electrolytes,” J. Power Sources, 196, 8085-8090 (2011).


S. S. Bhella and V. Thangadurai,* “Dielectric Properties of Ba3-xKxCaNb2O9-d (0.5 < x < 1.25) (KBCN) Double Perovskites,” Mater. Res. Bull., 46, 668-674 (2011).


W. H. Kan, T. T. Trinh, T. Fürstenhaupt, and V. Thangadurai,* “Synthesis, Rietveld Refinement of Crystal Structure, Electron Diffraction, and Electrical Transport Properties of Ba2(Ca0.67+x+yFexNby)(Nb1.33-y-zFez)O6-δ Double Perovskites,” Can. J. Chem., 89, 688-696 (2011).


S. S. Bhella, T. Fürstenhaupt, R. Paul,* and V. Thangadurai,* “Synthesis, Structure, Chemical Stability and Electrical Transport Properties of Nb, Zr and Nb-codoped BaCeO3 Perovskites,* Inorg. Chem., 50, 6493–6499 (2011).


M. Talimi and V. Thangadurai,* “Electrical Conductivity and Chemical Stability of Perovskite-type BaCe0.8-xTixY0.2O3-δ,” Ionics, 17, 195-200 (2011).


A. Kuhn, S. Narayanan, L. Spencer, G. Goward, V. Thangadurai, and M. Wilkening,* “Li Self-Diffusion in Garnet-type Li7La3Zr2O12 with Tetragonal Symmetry as Probed Directly by Diffusion-Controlled Li Spin-Lattice Relaxation NMR Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B: Condens. Matter, 83, 094302-10 (2011).


T. Pannu, K. G. S. Pannu, and V. Thangadurai,* “Perovskite-Type Metal Oxides Exhibiting Negligible Grain-Boundary Resistance to Total Electrical Conductivity,” Inorg. Chem., 50, 647–655 (2011).


Q. Li and V. Thangadurai,* “Novel Nd2WO6-type Sm2-xAxM1-yByO6-d (A = Ca, Sr; M = Mo, W; B = Ce, Ni) Mixed Conductors,” J. Power Sources, 196, 169-178 (2011).


S. S. Bhella and V. Thangadurai,* “Investigations on the Thermo-Chemical Stability and Electrical Conductivity on the Partial K-Substitution for Ba in Ba3CaNb2O9,” Solid State Ionics, 192, 229-234 (2011).


E. Atamanik, S. S. Bhella, and V. Thangadurai,* “Electrical Properties of Fe-doped Perovskite-like BaNb0.75-xFexNa0.25O3-δ (0.05 < x < 0.5),” Solid State Ionics, 192, 205-209 (2011).




J. E. Joy, E. Atamanik, R. Mani, A. Nag, R.M. Tiwari, V. Thangadurai, and J. Gopalakrishnan,* “Ba3MIIITiMVO9 (MIII = Fe, Ga, Y, Lu; MV = Nb, Ta, Sb) Perovskite Oxides: Synthesis, Structure and Dielectric Properties,” Solid State Sci., 12, 1970-1976 (2010).


T.El-Marsi, Q. Li, and V. Thangadurai,* “Studies on Chemical Stability in CO2 and H2O and Electrical Conductivity of Perovskite-type Ba3In2Zr1-xCexO8 (x = 0, 0.5, 1),” Ionics, 16, 591-602 (2010).


J. Dauter, N. Maffei, S. S. Bhella, and V. Thangadurai,* “Studies on Chemical Stability and Electrical Properties of Proton Conducting Perovskite-like Doped BaCeO3,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 157, B1413-B1418 (2010).


T. T. Trinh and V. Thangadurai,* “Effect of Ti Substitution for Nb in Double Perovskite-type Ba3CaNb2O9 on Chemical Stability and Electrical Conductivity,” Electrochimica Acta, 56, 227–234 (2010).


Q. Li and V. Thangadurai,* “A Comparative 2 and 4-Probe DC and 2-Probe AC Electrical Conductivity Studies of Novel codoped Ce0.9-xRExMo0.1O2.1-0.5x (RE = Y, Sm, Gd; x = 0.2, 0.3),” J. Mater. Chem., 20, 7970-7983 (2010).


S. S. Bhella, T. Fürstenhaupt, and V. Thangadurai,* “TEM and ED Confirmation of Conversion of 3D and 2D Perovskite into Fluorites,” J. Alloys and Compounds, 503, L5–L8 (2010).


A. Ramzy and V. Thangadurai,*“Tailor-Made Development of Fast Li ion Conducting Garnet-Like Solid Electrolytes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2, 385-390 (2010).


S. S. Bhella, S. P. Shafi, F. Trobec, M. Bieringer,* and V. Thangadurai,* “In-situ Powder X-Ray Diffraction Investigation of Reaction Pathways for the BaCO3–CeO2–In2O3 and CeO2–In2O3 Systems,” Inorg. Chem., 49, 1699-1704 (2010).




S. S. Bhella, L. M. Kuti, Q. Li, and V. Thangadurai,* “Electrical Properties of In-doped       Ce1-xInxO2-d,” Dalton Trans., 43, 9520-9528 (2009).


J. A. Hurd, R. Vaidhyanathan, V. Thangadurai, I. L. Moudrakovski, C. I. Ratcliffe, and G. K. H. Shimizu,* “Anhydrous Proton Conduction at 150oC in a Crystalline Metal-Organic Framework,” Nat. Chem., 1, 705-710  (2009).


Q. Li and V. Thangadurai,* “Synthesis, Structure and Electrical Properties of Mo-doped CeO2 - Materials for SOFCs,” Fuel Cells, 9, 684-698 (2009). 


L. M. Kuti, S. S. Bhella, and V. Thangadurai,* “Revisiting Tungsten Trioxide Hydrates (TTHs) Synthesis - Is There Anything New?” Inorg. Chem., 48, 6804–6811 (2009).


S. S. Bhella and V. Thangadurai,* “Sintering Effects on Proton Conductivity of Ta-doped Ba2(CaNb)2O6 and its Reactivity with SOFC Cathodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 156, B634-B642 (2009).


E. Atamanik and V. Thangadurai,* “Dielectric Properties of Ga-doped Na0.5K0.5NbO3," J. Phy. Chem C., 113, 4648-4653 (2009).   


E. Atamanik and V. Thangadurai,* “Study of the Dielectric Properties in the NaNbO3 - KNbO3-In2O3 System Using ac Impedance Spectroscopy,” Mater. Res. Bull., 44, 931–936 (2009).


M.C. Pearce and V. Thangadurai,* “Electrical Transport Properties of Aliovalent Cation-Doped CeO2,” Asia-Pac. J. Chem. Eng., 4, 33–44 (2009) (Invited).


R. G. Gerlach, S. S. Bhella, and V. Thangadurai,* “Facile Conversion of Layered Ruddlesden-Popper-Related Structure Y2O3-doped Sr2CeO4 into Fast Oxide Ion Conducting Fluorite-type Y2O3-doped CeO2,” Inorg. Chem., 48, 257-266 (2009).


S. S. Bhella and V. Thangadurai,* “Synthesis and Characterization of Carbon Dioxide and Boiling Water Stable Proton Conducting Double Perovskite-Type Metal Oxides,” J. Power Sources, 186, 311-319 (2009).




F. Trobec and V. Thangadurai,* “Transformation of Proton Conducting Perovskite-type into Fluorite-type Fast Oxide Ion Electrolytes using CO2 Capture Technique and Their Electrical Properties,” Inorg. Chem., 47, 8972-8984 (2008). 


R. Sui, V.  Thangadurai, and C.P. Berlinguette,* “Simple Protocol for Generating TiO2 Nanofibers in Organic Media,” Chem. Mater., 20, 7022–7030 (2008).


M.C. Pearce and V. Thangadurai,* “Investigations of Chemical Stability of Ce0.85Ca0.05Sm0.1O1.9 with Sr-doped ABO3 (A = La, Sm; B = Mn, Co) Using X-ray Powder Diffraction and AC Impedance,” Ionics, 14, 483-489 (2008)  


R. Murugan, W. Weppner,* P. Schmid-Beurmann and V. Thangadurai, “Structure and Lithium ion Conductivity of Garnet-like Li5La3Sb2O12 and Li6SrLa2Sb2O12,” Mater. Res. Bull., 43, 2579-2591 (2008).


R.  Murugan, V. Thangadurai, and W. Weppner,* “Effect of Lithium ion Content on the Lithium ion Conductivity of the Garnet-like Structure Li5+xBaLa2Ta2O11.5+0.5x (x =  0 - 2),” Appl. Phys. A, 91, 615-620 (2008). 


R. Murugan, V. Thangadurai, and W. Weppner,* “Lattice Parameter and Sintering Temperature Dependence of Bulk and Grain-Boundary Conduction of Garnet-like Solid Li-Electrolytes,” J.  Electrochem. Soc., 155, A90-A101 (2008).




B. R. Sneha and V. Thangadurai,* “Synthesis of Nano-sized Crystalline OxideIon Conducting Fluorite-Type Y2O3-Doped CeO2 using Perovskite-like BaCe0.9Y0.1O2.95 (BCY) and Study of CO2 Capture Properties of BCY,” J. Solid State Chem., 180, 2661-2669 (2007).


V. Thangadurai* and P. Kopp, “Chemical Synthesis of Ca-doped CeO2 – Intermediate Temperature Oxide Ion Electrolytes,” J. Power Sources, 168, 178-183 (2007).


R.  Murugan, V. Thangadurai, and W. Weppner,* “Fast Lithium Ion Conduction in Garnet-type Li7La3Zr2O12,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 46, 7778-7781 (2007).


R. Murugan,* W. Weppner,* P.S. Beurmann, and V. Thangadurai, “Structure and Lithium Ion Conductivity of Bismuth Containing Lithium Garnets Li5La3Bi2O12 and Li6SrLa2Bi2O12,” Mater. Sci. Eng., B, 143, 14-20 (2007).


R. Murugan, V. Thangadurai, and W. Weppner,* “Lithium Ion Conductivity of Li5+xBaxLa3-x Ta2O12 (x = 0 - 2) with Garnet-Related Structure in Dependence of the Barium Content,” Ionics, 13, 195-203 (2007).




V. Thangadurai* and W. Weppner, “Recent Progress in Solid Oxide and Lithium Ion Conducting Electrolytes Research,” Ionics, 12, 81-92 (2006).


W. F. Chu, V. Thangadurai, and W. Weppner,* “Ionics-a key Technology for our Energy and Environmental Needs on the Rise,” Ionics 12, 1-6 (2006).


V. Thangadurai* and W. Weppner, “Effect of Sintering on the Ionic Conductivity of Garnet-Related Structure Li5La3Nb2O12, and In- and K-doped Li5La3Nb2O12,” J. Solid State Chem., 179, 974-984 (2006) (a ‘top 25’ the most cited article as published 2005-2008).


J. Schwenzel, V. Thangadurai, and W. Weppner,* “Developments of High-Voltage All-Solid-State Thin-Film Lithium Ion Batteries,” J. Power Sources, 154, 232-238 (2006).


2001 – 2005


S. Schott, Z. Jia, A. K. Schaper,* V. Thangadurai, W. Weppner and P. S. Beurmann, “Superlattice Ordering in SrFeO3-d: Electron Microscopy and Diffraction Study,” Phys. Sat. Sol., 202, 2330-2335 (2005).


V. Thangadurai* and W. Weppner, “Studies on Electrical Properties of La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.8Mg0.2 O2.8 (LSGM) and LSGM-SrSn1-xFexO3 (x = 0.8; 0.9) Composites and Their Chemical Reactivity,” Electrochimica Acta, 50, 1871-1877 (2005).


V. Thangadurai* and W. Weppner, “Investigations on Electrical Conductivity and Chemical Compatibility Between Fast Lithium Ion Conducting Garnet-like Li6BaLa2Ta2O12 and Lithium Battery Cathodes,” J. Power Sources, 142, 339-344 (2005).


V. Thangadurai* and W. Weppner, “Li6ALa2Nb2O12 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba): A New Class of Fast Lithium Ion Conductors with Garnet-Like Structure,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 88, 411-418 (2005).


V. Thangadurai* and W. Weppner, “Li6ALa2Ta2O12 (A = Sr, Ba): Novel Garnet-Like Oxides for Fast Lithium Ion Conduction,” Adv. Funct. Mater., 15, 107-112 (2005).


V. Thangadurai, J. Schwenzel and W. Weppner, “Tailoring Ceramics for Specific Applications: A Case Study on All-Solid-State Lithium Batteries,” Ionics, 11, 11-23 (2005).


V. Thangadurai,* S. Adams,* and W. Weppner,* “Crystal Structure Revision and Identification of Li+-ion Migration Pathways in the Garnet-like Li5La3M2O12 (M = Nb, Ta) Oxides,” Chem. Mater., 16, 2998-3006 (2004).


V. Thangadurai* and W. Weppner,* “Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9: Characterization of Electronic Charge Carriers and Application in Limiting Current Oxygen Sensors,” Electrochimica Acta, 49, 1577-1585 (2004). 


V. Thangadurai and W. Weppner,* “Li0.3Sr0.6B0.5Ti0.5O3 (B = Nb, Ta) and Li0.3Sr0.6Ta0.5   Ti0.5-xFexO3 (0 < x < 0.3): Novel Perovskite-Type Materials for Monolithic Electrochromic Devices,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 151, H1-H6 (2004).


V. Thangadurai* and W. Weppner,* “Mixed Protonic-Electronic Conductivity in the Dion-Jacobson Type Layered Perovskites in Hydrogen Containing Atmosphere and Their Application in Ammonia Sensors,” Solid State Ionics, 174, 175-183 (2004). 


V. Thangadurai, C. Knittlmayer, and W. Weppner,* “Metathetic Room Temperature Preparation and Characterization of Scheelite-Type ABO4 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba, Pb; B = Mo, W) Powders,” Mater. Sci. & Eng. B., 106, 228-233 (2004).


S. Stramare, V. Thangadurai,* and W. Weppner, “Lithium Lanthanum Titanates: A Review,” Chem. Mater., 15, 3974-3990 (2003) (cover page). 


P. S. Beurmann,* V. Thangadurai, and W. Weppner, “Phase Transitions in the SrSnO3-SrFeO3 Solid Solutions: X-ray Diffraction and Mössbauer Studies,” J. Solid State Chem., 174, 392-402 (2003).


V. Thangadurai, H. Kaack, and W. Weppner,* “Novel Fast Lithium Ion Conduction in Garnet-Type Li5La3M2O12 (M = Nb, Ta),” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 86, 437-440 (2003).


V. Thangadurai, P. S. Beurmann, and W. Weppner,* “Mixed Oxide Ion and Electronic Conductivity in Perovskite-Type SrSnO3 by Fe Substitution,” Mater. Sci. & Eng. B, 100, 18-22 (2003).


V. Thangadurai and W. Weppner, “Monolithic Electrochemical Devices Using Lithium Ion Conducting Perovskite Oxides,” Ionics, 9, 308-314 (2003). 


V. Thangadurai, P.S. Beurmann, and W. Weppner,* “SrSn1-xFexO3-d(0 ≤ x ≤1) Perovskites: A Novel Mixed Oxide Ion and Electronic Conductor,” Mater. Res. Bull., 37, 599-604 (2002).


V. Thangadurai and W. Weppner,* “Complete, Reversible H+/Li+ Ion Exchange Reaction between Rhombohedral LiMO3 and Perovskite-Type HMO3 (M = Nb, Ta),” Mater. Res. Bull., 37, 2417-2425 (2002).


V. Thangadurai and W. Weppner,* “Determination of the Sodium Ion Transference Number of the Dion-Jacobson Type Layered Perovskite NaCa2Nb3O10 Using AC Impedance and DC Methods,” Chem. Mater., 14, 1136-1143 (2002).


V. Thangadurai, R. A. Huggins,* and W. Weppner, “Use of Simple AC Technique to Determine the Ionic and Electronic Conductivities in Pure and Fe-Substituted SrSnO3 Perovskites,” J. Power Sources, 108, 64-69 (2002).


V. Thangadurai and W. Weppner, “Solid-State Lithium Ionic Conductors: Design Considerations by Thermodynamic Approach,” Ionics, 8, 281-292 (2002).


V. Thangadurai and W. Weppner, “Materials Development for Advanced Lithium Batteries and Fuel Cells,” J. China Uni. of Science and Technology, 32, 4-29 (2002).


V. Thangadurai and W. Weppner, “Development and Investigation of Perovskite (ABO3)-Type Oxides for Power Generation,” Ionics, 8, 360-371 (2002).


V. Thangadurai, R. A. Huggins,* and W. Weppner, “Mixed Ionic–Electronic Conductivity in Phases in the Praseodymium Oxide System,” J. Solid State Electrochem., 5, 531-537 (2001).


V. Thangadurai and W. Weppner,* “AA¢2M3O10 (A = K, Rb, Cs; A¢ = Ca; M = Nb) Layered Perovskites: Low-Temperature Proton Conductors at Hydrogen Atmosphere,” J. Mater. Chem., 11, 636-639 (2001).


V. Thangadurai and W. Weppner,* “Synthesis and Electrical Properties of K-and Pr-Substituted LaGaO3 and LaInO3 Perovskites,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 148, A1294-A1301 (2001).


V. Thangadurai, P. S. Beurmann, and W. Weppner,* “Synthesis, Structure and Electrical Conductivity of A¢A2B3O10 (A¢ = Rb, Cs; A = Sr, Ba; B = Nb, Ta): New Members of Dion-Jacobson-Type Layered Perovskites,” J. Solid State Chem.,158, 279-289 (2001).


V. Thangadurai and W. Weppner, “Electrical Properties of A¢Ca2Nb3O10 (A¢ = K, Rb, Cs) Layered Perovskite Ceramics,” Ionics, 7, 22-31 (2001).


1994 - 2000


V. Thangadurai and W. Weppner,* “Effect of B-site Substitution of (Li,La)TiO3 Perovskites by Di- Tri-, Tetra- and Hexavalent Metal Ions on the Lithium Ion Conductivity,” Ionics,  6, 70-77 (2000).


J. Gopalakrishnan,* T. Shivakumar, K. Ramesha, V. Thangadurai, and G. N. Subbanna, “Transformations of Ruddlesden-Popper Oxides to New Layered Perovskite Oxides by Metathesis Reactions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 122, 6237-6241 (2000).


K. Ramesha, V. Thangadurai, D. Sutar, S. V. Subramanyam, G. N. Subbanna, and J. Gopalakrishnan,* “ALaMnBO6 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba; B = Fe, Ru) Double Perovskites,” Mater. Res. Bull., 35, 559-565 (2000).


A. Netz, W. F. Chu, V. Thangadurai, R. A. Huggins,* and W. Weppner, “Investigations of Praseodymium Oxide Electrodes in Lithium Concentration Cells,” Ionics, 5, 426-433 (1999).


J. Gopalakrishnan,* T. Sivakumar, V. Thangadurai, and G. N. Subbanna, “A[Bi3Ti4O13] and A[Bi3PbTi5O16] (A = K, Cs) - New n = 4 and n = 5 Members  of the Layered Perovskite Series, A[A¢n-1BnO3n+1], and Their Hydrates,” Inorg. Chem., 38, 2802-2806 (1999).


J. Gopalakrishnan,* A. K. Shukla, and V. Thangadurai, “Rational Design of Solid Materials - A Case Study of Lithium-ion Conductors,” Current Science, 76, 1473-1480 (1999).


V. Thangadurai, A. K. Shukla, and J. Gopalakrishnan,* “New Lithium Ion Conductors Based on the NASICON Structure,” J. Mater. Chem., 9, 739-741 (1999).


V. Thangadurai, A.  K.  Shukla, and J. Gopalakrishnan,* “LiSr1.650.35 B1.3B¢1.7O9 (B = Ti, Zr, B¢ = Nb, Ta)-New Lithium-ion Conductors Based on the Perovskite Structure,” Chem. Mater., 11, 835-839 (1999).


V. Thangadurai, A. K. Shukla, and J. Gopalakrishnan,* “La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mn0.2O2.85 - A New Oxide-ion Conductor,” J. C. S. Chem. Commun., 2647-2648 (1998).


V. Thangadurai, G. N. Subbanna, and J. Gopalakrishnan,* “Ln2Ti2O7 (Ln = La, Nd, Sm, Gd) - A Novel Series of Defective Ruddlesden-Popper Phases Formed by Topotactic Dehydration of HLnTiO4,” Chem. Commun., 1299-1300 (1998).


V. Thangadurai, A. K. Shukla, and J. Gopalakrishnan,* “Oxide-ion Conduction in Anion-Deficient Double Perovskites, Ba2BB¢O5.5 (B = Li, Na; B¢ = Mo, W, Te),” Solid State Ionics, 104, 277-283 (1997).


V. Thangadurai, G. N. Subbanna, A. K. Shukla, and J. Gopalakrishnan,* “AM1-xAlxO3-x (A = Na, K; M = Nb, Ta) – New Anion-Deficient Perovskite Oxides Exhibiting Oxide-ion Conduction,” Chem. Mater., 8, 1302-1306 (1996).


V. Thangadurai, A. K. Shukla, and J. Gopalakrishnan,* “Proton Conduction in Layered Perovskite Oxides,” Solid State Ionics, 73, 9-14 (1994).


  • V. Thangadurai,* A. Abaraham, and S. Ponnurangam, “ In Situ Generated Sulfur Electrode,” US PCT 62/940,641  (under review) (November 2019) . 
  • V. Thangadurai,* S. Venkatesan, K. Karan and S. Later, “Auxiliary Electrode Mediated Membrane-Free Redox Electrohemical Cell for Energy Storage,” US 62/887,464 (under review) (Aug 2019). 
  • V. Thangadurai,* K. Hofstetter, and A. Samson, “Rechargeable Lithium–Ion battery Containing Li-Rich gannet Electrolyte,” US PCT/CA2018/050514 (under review) (May 2018). 
  • E.D. Wachsman,* L. Hu* and V. Thangadurai,* Ion Conducting Batteries with Solid State Electrolyte Materials, US 2014/02873.05 A1 (USA Patent) (September 2014).
  • V. Thangadurai,* K. Ramaiyan, K, Singh and S. Gill, “Chemically Stable Proton Conducting Doped BaCeO3,” US 2017/0149082 A1 (US Patent) (2020). 
  • V. Thangadurai,* “Perovskite-like Structures,” USA Patent, US/2011/0086289, April 2014. 
  • V. Thangadurai* and W. Weppner* “Chemischer Stabiler, Fester Lithium Ionenleiter,” DE 102004010892 (Deuchland Patent) (US7901658B2) (US Patent) (2005).


  • S. Mulmi and V. Thangadurai, “Solid State Electrolytes: Structural Approach,” in Solid Electrolytes for Advanced Applications: Garnets and Competitors, Springer-Nature, pp. 3-24 (R. Murugan and W. Weppner, Eds.) (2020).
  • S. Bag and V. Thangadurai, “Electrolyte Development of Solid State Lithium ion Batteries,” in Solid State Energy, RSC Publisher, UK pp.100-135 (S. Skinner, Ed.) (2020)
  • V. Thangadurai and W. Weppner “Solid Oxide Ion Conductors: Materials and Applications,” in New Developments in Electrochemistry Research, (Ed. M. Nunez), 145- 185 (2005), ISBN: 1-59454-544-8, Nova Science Publishers Inc., New York, USA.
  • V. Thangadurai and W. Weppner, “Materials Aspects of Solid-State Ionic Devices: Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Electrochromism,” Recent Research Developments in Solid State Ionics, 1, 131-156 (2003), ISBN: 81-7895-069-3, Transworld Research Network, India.


  • Peak Scholar, University of Calgary (2019)
  • Keith Laidler Award, Canadian Society for Chemistry, The Chemical Institute of Canada (2016)
  • Outstanding Invention of 2013, University of Maryland, College Park, USA (2013)
  • German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) Guest Professor, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kiel, Germany (2005)
  • Alexander von Humboldt (AvH) PDF scholarship, Chair for Sensors and Solid State Ionics, Faculty of Engineering, U of Kiel, Germany (2002)